In the List of UNESCO heritage are listed cultural and historical monuments in the world. From Slovakia there are listed many cultural and nature monuments such as historical center of Bardejov or Banská Štiavnica. There are also some castles, caves, churches and others. All of them are worth to visit and they have been added to UNESCO List during last 30 years. In Slovakia are listed 7 monuments in total, 5 of them are cultural and 2 are nature. Here is the List of UNESCO monument in Slovakia:
1. Bardejov Town Conservation Reserve
This town used to have the best fortification system in the whole of Europe. This town became Free Royal Town in 14th century. The main part of the city is Church of St. Egidius with its 11 unique gothic altars. Another very unforgettable building is a Town Hall which is right next to the church. Both of these are lying at the big rectangle square which is surrounded by preserved historical townhouses.Not far away from town center is the only one of old Jewish renewed spa and synagogue.
2. Historic Town of Banská Štiavnica
This central city of Slovakia, full of romantic views is a pearl among the cities. This city owns very rich architecture which has been built between Gothic and Baroque times.
3. Vlkolínec UNESCO heritage
This is a lovely village with 45 buildings with their inhabitants. There are preserved old rustic houses characterized by its traditional Slovak culture paintings. All of these houses are made of wood. Some accommodation is still possible to find here and have an unforgettable trip to the folk culture. The village is situated in mountain Veľká Fatra and is 2 hour away from Bratislava.
4. Levoča and Spiš castle UNESCO heritage
Levoča is small city situated in northeastern part of Slovakia. This is one of the oldest and the most preserved city in Slovakia. This city has been inscribed on UNESCO List because of its preserved historic medieval center and fortification system. In this small but stunning city you can walk around its magical walls, streets and squares. The second largest church in Slovakia is located here and the highest wooden Gothic altar in the world is just inside of the church.
Spiš castle is one of the largest castles in the world and it is the largest castle complex in Slovakia.
5. Wooden churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area
From the total of 300 sacral building only 50 have been preserved until these times. Eight of them were chosen to be listed in UNESCO. These churches are gems in the connection between people and nature. Every church has its own story to tell, but each of them is situated in magical nature.
One of them, Roman Catholic wooden church of Saint Francis from Assisi was built in 15th century under gothic style. It is the oldest and the most preserved wooden church in Slovakia.
6. Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst
Mountain range Slovak Karst is a National Park in southern Slovakia and Aggtelek Karst is National Park in Hungary. Huge karst plains and plateaus create its beautiful piece of nature. This National Park offers many caves and some of them are open to the public.
7. Primeval Beech Forests of Carpathians
These old forests are outstanding examples of undisturbed complex of forests. They contain an invaluable genetic reservoir of beech and many other species that are dependent on these trees. There are rich ecological and biological processes of the development of eco systems coming from the last Ice Age and these processes are still ongoing.
The National Nature Reserve called Stužica is original Carpathian forest which is situated in a valley around river Stužická at the border of Slovakia, Poland and Ukraine. It is part of NP Poloniny near easternmost Slovak village of Nová Sedlica. It is also the biggest mountain forest in Europe and it is accessible by marked hiking trail from Nová Sedlica which continues to the hill Kremenec.
8. Forest Havešová
This forest owns one of the tallest beech trees in the world. It is a National Nature Reserve and its also part of NP Poloniny.
9. Forest Vihorlat
Protected landmark Vihorlat is situated in eastern Slovakia which is part of Vihorlat hills which are surrounding very popular summer destination Zemplínska šírava. In this forest you have an opportunity to find 240 years old trees. It used to be closed because there is located an army area. It is 17 485ha big.
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